Hyperpigmentation

Treatments available for hyperpigmentation

Apart from topical prescription medication and cosmetics, hyperpigemntation can be treated by clinical procedures.

1. Chemical Peels

Skin peels involved application of specially designed solutions to the surface of the skin with the aim of producing careful removal of the outer layers of the skin cells that are  hyperpigmented and damaged. This results in an increased cell turnover and collagen production in a more organized pattern to achieve a clearer, smoother, supple skin. There are various strengths of peel often used in increasing fashion. 

2. Microdermabrasion

This is more intense removal of the outer layers of the skin using specialized equipment that delivers minute crystals at high intensity to the surface of the skin. 

3. Specialized Facials

Various products are applied to the skin to combat and reduce the pigmentation in the deeper layers of the skin along with removal of the damaged hyperpigmented superficial layers.  

  • Chemical peels, microdermabrasion specialized facials “remove the superficial layers of the skin, stimulate the creation of new cells that are plump, robust, fresh and toned”
  • Support the body’s natural regeneration and rejuvenation processes 

Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is uneven pigmentation or dark patches appearing on the skin. This can result from sun damage, injury, medication, hormonal change or acne, however, often there is no identifiable cause. 

What causes hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation occurs when melanin (pigment responsible for producing colour in our body skin) is overproduced.

Skin hyperpigmentation appear as flat, dark patches of various sizes and shape that can be various shades of brown.
Due to genetic make-up this is more prevalent in darker skin types (African, Asian and Mediterranean).

Microdermabrasion

Another method that you can avail at our Acne Treatment Clinic to get that fresh and acne free skin is microdermabrasion. This method has two stages, in the first stage, a machine is involved that uses tiny crystals to gently exfoliate your skin and remove dead skin cells and all kinds of pore clogging material. In the second stage, a vacuum is used to suck away all the debris, leaving your skin soft and clean.

Melasma

Melasma (or chloasma) is often referred to as ‘the mask of pregnancy affecting 90% of pregnant women, particularly those of darker skin tones. However, It can result without pregnancy. It normally presents as a tan/ brown/ grey-brown patches on the face (forehead, nose, cheeks).

Post-inflammatory

This is usually caused by an injury, trauma or inflammation of the skin, most commonly as a result of acne, but can also be cause by cosmetic procedures like laser treatments and chemical peels.

Types of Hyperpigmentation

Sun spots result from exposure to sun rays over a prolong period of time. This occurs mostly in light skin types.

Sun Burn can result from exposure to intense sun light even for short periods of time. 

We often see these as uneven skin tone on body areas most exposed to the sun such as the face, hands, arms, decolletage and shoulders. These changes are a result of prolonged sun exposure without adequate protection activating the melanin-producing cells, and take years to manifest themselves in the top layer of the skin. Sun damaged skin is the one of the earliest sign of aging and also the most common forms of pigmentation to treat.

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